Hello guys, let’s begin with one of the most important articles of CDS exam preparation. You might have seen CDS GK paper Strategy, CDS English paper strategy and even CDS Maths detailed strategy which I have specially designed for you. But this article is of special importance because CDS exam syllabus and previous year asked questions will be analysed today.
These 2 things are biggest guide in any exam, and same is the case with CDS exam. That is the reason why I will tell you CDS exam syllabus (as given in notification pdf) , CDS exam syllabus covering sources, CDS exam topic-wise weightage and some sources from which these questions are asked in exam.
Just keep patience till end of this article to have a bird’s eye view of CDS exam syllabus.
Why is it necessary to understand CDS Exam Syllabus?
What differentiates UPSC CDS exam, UPSC CAPF exam and UPSC Civil services exam is the Syllabus and types of questions asked in the exam. It is recommended to stick to syllabus of CDS exam which you are preparing for. Many aspirants directly start preparation from sources before looking syllabus or paper pattern.
“At the end of 10-12 months of preparation, you have to prove your knowledge by solving questions based on it” (No one will orally check how much knowledge you have)
If our ultimate aim is to solve questions correctly, it is necessary to see type of questions asked from syllabus and study accordingly (CDS Syllabus analysis). So, we will begin with most important subject of CDS exam preparation, that is, CDS GK syllabus
CDS GK paper Syllabus
First thing first. GK paper syllabus given in Official Notification is very generalized. We cannot get any specific idea of types of questions asked from this paper. Lets have a look at official CDS exam GK Syllabus:
Exact Syllabus: “General Knowledge including knowledge of current events and of such matters of everyday observation and experience in their scientific aspects as may be expected of an educated person who has not made a special study of any scientific subject. The paper will also include questions on History of India and Geography of a nature which candidate should be able to answer without special study”
Now I will supplement my personal research of previous 4-5 year papers of CDS exam. This table of CDS topicwise weightage will give you idea about which topic to focus on. Be smart to focus more on topics with more weightage in CDS exam syllabus.
|Indian Polity||23-26 questions|
|Geography||16-17 questions (Mapping & location oriented questions)|
|Current Affairs||16-17 questions (some polity and geography oriented current affairs)|
|Defence related||3-4 questions only|
|Sports, award, important days||2-3 questions only|
|Environment related||1-2 questions only|
Have a look at CDS exam detailed strategy where you will get step by step approach with important books to score 45-50 marks in GK paper.
Also Read: CDS GK preparation (Score 50+ Marks)
CDS Maths paper Syllabus (from CDS Syllabus pdf)
Before reading CDS Maths syllabus, feel yourself lucky because you have detailed syllabus of Maths paper given in official notification of UPSC CDS exam. Moreover, pattern of CDS Maths paper remains same every year. This thing can help you score 65+ in Maths paper with smart study. (Strictly stick to syllabus of CDS Maths paper)
Number System—Natural numbers, Integers, Rational and Real numbers. Fundamental operations, addition, substraction, multiplication, division, Square roots, Decimal fractions. Unitary method, time and distance, time and work, applications to simple and compound interest, profit and loss, ratio and proportion, variation.
Elementary Number Theory—Division algorithm. Prime and composite numbers. Tests of divisibility by 2, 3, 4, 5, 9 and 11. Multiples and factors. Factorisation Theorem. H.C.F. and L.C.M. Euclidean algorithm. Logarithms to base 10 questions , laws of logarithms, use of logarithmic tables, etc (as it is CDS Syllabus pdf taken from official notification)
Basic Operations, simple factors, Remainder Theorem, H.C.F., L.C.M., Theory of polynomials, solutions of quadratic equations, relation between its roots and coefficients (Only real roots to be considered). Simultaneous linear equations in two unknowns—analytical and graphical solutions. Simultaneous linear inequations in two variables and their solutions. (high weightage section of CDS exam Syllabus)
Practical problems of algebra leading to two simultaneous linear equations or in-equations in two variables or quadratic equations in one variable & their solutions. Set language and set notation, Rational expressions and conditional identities, Laws of indices.
Sine X, cosine X, Tangent X when 0° < X < 90° Values of sin X, cos X and tan X, for X = 0°, 30°, 45°, 60° and 90°
Simple trigonometric identities.
Use of trigonometric tables.
Simple cases of heights and distances.
Lines and angles, Plane and plane figures, Theorems on
(i) Properties of angles at a point (ii) Parallel lines (iii) Sides and angles of a triangle (iv) Congruency of triangles, (v) Similar triangles (vi) Concurrence of medians and altitudes (vii) Properties of angles, sides and diagonals of a parallelogram, rectangle and square (viii) Circles and its properties including tangents and normals, (ix) Loci.
Areas of squares, rectangles, parallelograms, triangle and circle. Areas of figures which can be split up into these figures (Field Book), Surface area and volume of cuboids, lateral surface and volume of right circular cones and cylinders, surface area and volume of spheres. (Important part of CDS Exam syllabus)
Collection and tabulation of statistical data, Graphical representation frequency polygons, histograms, bar charts, pie charts etc. Measures of central tendency. (easy section of CDS Syllabus)
Also read: CDS Maths preparation (Score 60+ Marks)
Considering the above syllabus and previous year asked questions, this table of topic-wise weightage of CDS Maths paper can be highly fruitful. Utlilize it maximum.
|Number System||6 Questions|
|Time, speed and Distance||5 Questions|
|Time and Work||5 Questions|
|Profit and Loss||2 Questions|
|Simple Interest||3 Questions|
|Percentage and Discount||4 Questions|
|LCM and HCF||1-2 Questions|
|Ratio and Proportion||5 Questions|
|Polynomial/ Linear Equation||7 Questions|
|Quadratic Equation||7 Questions|
|Sets and series||1 Question|
|Simple Trigonometry||9 Questions|
|Height and Distances||2-3 Questions|
|Angle lines and triangles||9 Questions|
|Circle and its properties||7 Questions|
|Parallelogram, square and rectangle||2 Questions|
|Area of square/Rectangle/triangle||1-2 Question|
|Volume of cube and cuboid||3 Questions|
|Volume of Cylinder||2-3 Questions|
|Volume of cone||2 Questions|
|Volume of Sphere||1-2 Questions|
|Surface Area Questions||2-3 Questions|
Major 2 papers of CDS exam are done. Now, let’s focus on CDS English syllabus.
Also check: Ultimate guide for CDS Exam preparation : Click here
CDS English paper Syllabus
After reading the official CDS English paper syllabus given in notification, you will be shocked as English syllabus is given in 1 sentence.
Exact CDS English syllabus
“The question paper will be designed to test the candidate’s understanding of English and workmanlike use of words.”
There is no exact CDS syllabus of English given so that you can stick to it. In case of English, topic-wise weightage of CDS English paper made by analyzing previous year papers will be of utmost help. You can use it as CDS Syllabus pdf and save it in your file. Let’s have a look at this analysis table:
|Spotting the errors||20-25 questions|
|Sentence improvement||20-24 questions|
|One word Substitution||5-6 questions (may vary)|
|Selecting correct words||5-6 questions (rarely asked)|
|Ordering of sentences||15-20 questions|
|Ordering of words in sentences||15-20 questions|
|Fill in the blanks (cloze comprehension)||10-15 questions|
|Comprehension (passage)||20-25 questions|
|Direct Indirect speech||5 questions (asked only once till now)|
|Passive Active Voice||5 questions (asked only once till now)|
I would suggest you to have a look at CDS English Preparation article which can guarantee you 65+ Marks in English preparation.
CDS Syllabus for OTA
There is no special syllabus for CDS OTA. For CDS Officers Training Exam, you need to focus only on 2 papers, that is, English and GK. The syllabus specified above for CDS English and CDS GK paper are applicable for your upcoming CDS exam.
If your aim is to score high in CDS OTA exam, read our special article on CDS OTA preparation.
What should you do after reading this informative article?
After understanding CDS exam syllabus, take a Xerox of this article and paste Topic-wise weightage in your exam room. This will give you exact direction about what to study, what topics to focus more on, etc
You can also make CDS exam syllabus pdf which can be with you all the time.
And if you still have any doubts regarding the CDS exam syllabus, feel free to ask your doubts to Sarkaari service experts in the comment section below. I will answer them within 24 hours. Guaranteed.
Jai Hind Aspirants.